There are three main types of science fiction and they are even the focal of some of its sub-genres. Knowing which type you want to write is among the first steps in the writing process. The three types are space, fantasy, and war.

Space Types Space science fiction tends to be the most popular type simply because it lets the writer use as many theories as they want within a story. The sub-types for this are going to space, aliens, and coming from space, which takes up a lot of subcategories of this genre.

Space fiction always has three basic necessities for it; the ship, the reason, and the crew. The ship will provide you with the setting for most of what the crew will be doing during the book, even when they’re on another planet. There’s always a reason why the crew needs to deal with space and this is usually the main plot of the story.

Fantasy Types Fantasy science fiction can also take place within space and/or war fiction. There is only one detail that separates this category from all the other science fiction categories and that’s the sole item or items that can’t be explained away by science.

Fantasy science fiction novels are really just a ball of fun for those who love to think of ideas and just paste them into a story without any viable explanation. This category lets you use all the technology, theories, and fantasy elements you could ever want. Many writers within this category find it difficult to move out of their category because there’s very little literary restriction in this category compared to the others.

War Types The war science fiction category sums up nearly every other sub-category left and, ironically, not many fiction writers will purely write a war fiction novel. This type of fiction requires advanced knowledge of current weapons and how to improve on them. The StarGate series is a great example of an almost-strict war fiction plot as they use theories of new weapons and how they came to exist.

These are the most common types of science fiction novels on the market. They are easy to get into and there are a lot of examples to follow. When writing fiction, you must always do research on the science you will be using within your novel; the better developed the science is the more the reader will enjoy it. Deciding on the correct type of fiction is one of the first steps in the writing process.

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